Open Access Initiative
The Open Access initiative traces back its origin to several decades, but has gained much more momentum since 1990s with the advent of internet age.
With the rise in inflation, print costs have significantly increased which further raised the journal subscription prices. As the public access to internet started spreading to wider communities, the ability to upload, download, print, and distribute digital data at no cost, has offered an alternative to paper publishing and significantly benefit the Open Access initiative. There has been a profound advantage of online access due to the minimal marginal costs when compared to the fixed costs of paper printing.